Women living in England’s poorest neighborhoods are dying ‘Devastating’ YOUNGER analysis reveals
Women in the poorest parts of England can expect to live nearly eight years less than those in the wealthiest parts of the country, research shows.
Health Foundation analysis shows that women in the most deprived areas had an average life expectancy of 78 years and 8 months at birth from 2017 to 2019.
But residents of the least deprived neighborhoods could expect to live 86 years and 5 months.
Middlesbrough and Liverpool are among the worst-off areas of England, while Hart, Wokingham and South Northamptonshire are among the wealthiest.
Life expectancy for women in the poorest parts of England was lower than the overall figure for all Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries except Mexico.
The analysis also found that the average life expectancy for women in the UK was 83 years and a month in 2018, putting it ‘disappointingly’ 25th out of 38 OECD countries, behind Colombia. , Latvia and Hungary.
Health experts called the figures ‘devastating’ and said they showed the poorest could expect to live ‘shorter and less healthy lives’ than the better-off.
Previous research has shown that the UK has some of the most extreme regional health inequalities among developed countries.
Research by the Health Foundation shows that women living in the most deprived areas of England had an average life expectancy of 78 years and eight months at birth from 2017 to 2019 (left vertical line). But those living in less deprived areas can expect to live 86 years and five months – seven years and eight months longer, according to his figures (straight vertical line). The analysis also revealed that the average life expectancy for women in the UK was 83 years and one month in 2018, making it a “disappointing” 25th out of 38 OECD countries (shown in the chart).
The Health Foundation analyzed mortality data published by the OECD, made up of countries including the UK, US, France and Germany.
The figures reflect on average how long someone born in 2018 can expect to live if death rates remained the same.
Women born in 2018 in the UK can expect to live 83.1 years, less than Chile (83.2), Ireland (84.1), Italy (85.6) and Japan (87, 3).
Jo Bibby, director of health at the Health Foundation, said Britain’s 25th place was “a somewhat disappointing result for the world’s fifth-largest economy”.
The United States, where women can expect to live an average of 81.2 years, ranks 31st.
Data on life expectancy in relation to deprivation levels was not available UK-wide.
HOW DOES LIFE EXPECTANCY FOR WOMEN IN THE UK RANK COMPARED TO OTHER COUNTRIES?
Japan: 87.3 years
Spain: 86.3 years
France: 85.8 years
Korea: 85.7 years
Switzerland: 85.7 years
Italy: 85.6 years
Australia: 84.9 years
Israel: 84.8 years
Luxemburg: 84.6 years
Finland: 84.5 years
Iceland: 84.5 years
Norway: 84.5 years
Portugal: 84.5 years
Greece: 84.4 years
Slovenia: 84.4 years
Sweden: 84.3 years
Austria: 84.1 years
Canada: 84.1 years
Ireland: 84.1 years
Belgium: 83.9 years
New Zealand: 83.5 years
Netherlands: 83.4 years
Germany: 83.3 years
Chile: 83.2 years
England: 83.2 years
United Kingdom: 83.1 years
Costa Rica: 82.9 years
Denmark: 82.9 years
Estonia: 82.7 years
Czech Republic: 82 years
Poland: 81.7 years
United States: 81.2 years
Turkey: 81 years
Slovak Republic: 80.8 years
Lithuania: 80.7 years
Colombia: 79.8 years
Latvia: 79.7 years
Hungary: 79.6 years
Mexico: 77.9 years
But data for England showed that women in the poorest 10% of regions in England could expect to live just 78.7 years.
This is less than the overall life expectancy of women in Colombia (79.8 years), Latvia (79.7 years) and Hungary (79.6 years).
The poorest local authorities in England are Middlesbrough, Liverpool, Knowsley, Kingston upon Hull, Manchester and Blackpool.
Birmingham, Burnley, Blackburn with Darwen and Hartlepool are also in the top 10 poorest regions.
But women living in the richest 10% of England are expected to live to be 86.4 on average.
These areas include Hart, Wokingham, South Northamptonshire, Rutland and Chiltern.
Life expectancy of 86.4 years is higher than the overall lifespan of women in all OECD countries except Japan.
Ms Bibby said: ‘The harsh reality in the UK is that poorer people can expect to live shorter and less healthy lives than their wealthier counterparts.’
The Health Foundation said the figures “illustrate the extent of health inequalities in England”.
People’s life expectancy is affected by their social, economic and environmental conditions.
Smoking, alcohol, poor diet and lack of physical activity can reduce life expectancy, while higher levels of deprivation limit access to the resources and services needed to maintain a healthy life.
The charity said: “Improving health and reducing inequalities requires action across government, not just the Department of Health and Social Care and the NHS, as well as the involvement of businesses and other organizations.”
The figures come as the government works on a white paper on health disparities, due out in early summer.
As part of “race to the top” plans, the government in February reiterated its intention to increase “healthy life expectancy” by five years and reduce the gap between the richest and the poorest. poor.
But the Health Foundation said No10 had ‘so far failed to grasp the scale of this challenge’ and pre-pandemic trends suggest it will take 192 years to see the five-year increase.
The pandemic and the cost of living crisis “threaten to further widen the health gap between rich and poor”, he said.
Many of the poorest families will be forced to choose between going without essentials for a healthy life – such as heat and food – or going into debt.
Ms Bibby said: ‘The government has so far failed to recognize the mountain it must climb to bring life chances in the UK into line with those in other comparable countries.
Investing in people’s health boosts the economy, with poor health being a “significant barrier to work and training”, she said.
The Health Foundation estimates that poor health and the resulting loss of economic output would cost the UK economy around £100 billion a year.
Ms Bibby called on the government to provide secure jobs, adequate incomes, decent housing and quality education to see improvements in life expectancy.
She added: “To achieve this, improving health should become an explicit goal of every major policy decision.
“Otherwise the gap between rich and poor will widen further and ‘race to the top’ will remain little more than a slogan.”
Hannah Davies, head of health inequalities at the Northern Health Science Alliance, who was also not involved in the research, said the results were “shocking”.
She told the Guardian: ‘The inequalities between the richest and the poorest in England are morally and economically unacceptable and the devastating impact they have on the poorest women is clearly shown here.
“If the government is to achieve its healthy life expectancy targets, it cannot ignore deprivation in the UK and must invest to help those most affected by the cost of living crisis through significant support and funded.